"The only jobs which are being offered," Francisco laments, "are for separate employees and commission-based." Candidates for such type of jobs must register as self-employed and cover the monthly 260 euro Social Security income tax, as well as job-related costs such as for example gas. "I simply have no means to commit to such jobs."
Francisco underlines which he hasn't worked when within the underground economy while getting unemployment benefits, but he doesn't discard the option. "If i must go underground and do jobs here and there to feed my loved ones, I’ll do it."
A current research carried out by Visa European countries estimates that Spain’s black colored market economy amounts to over 200 billion euros, almost 18 percent associated with the country’s GDP. Within the Canary Islands, the underground economy represents an increased share at 28 %.
Although Carolina’s daughter is affected by family members's sudden impoverishment, her situation isn't yet as bad as compared to many other young ones in the Canaries for whom the school dinner offers the only possiblity to consume a full-meal in the day.
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As the nagging dilemma of child poverty keeps growing, the islands’ regional government has established intends to expand the funding of public college dinners in an attempt to bring back some of the children. Certainly, at some college districts, the jobless rate is really as high as 70 per cent, and so the need certainly to widen access to public school dinners is really a emergency that is social.
This summer to keep the dinner services going and the children fed in addition, the government says it is working on a "plan against poverty," which is to include the opening of 182 public schools.
Just what will Carolina, Francisco and María do if their situation continues to decline? Carolina doesn't hesitate to respond to: "we´ll just have to go to Cáritas for assistance."
Charities take control services that are social
Cáritas Diocesana is a Catholic relief charity that helps poor people. Its chapter in the Islands that is canary of 1,205 volunteers, stands out as one of the most extremely recognizable local non-government organizations, which are filling the welfare void left behind by the overwhelmed system of public social services. In 2012, Cáritas assisted over 46,000 people into the Canaries in providing these with shelter, food and medications, among other provisions.
"The situations of ‘new bad’ families just like the one you mention are certainly becoming very common," says Cáritas’ Institutional Development Coordinator for the province of Las Palmas, Elena Henríquez.